Oncology and Cancer Drugs

18th Aug 2020 Sophia Hogg


The study of cancer is called oncology. The diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of cancer also forms an integral part of oncology. There are many types of cancer, almost 120. There are some hereditary syndromes too which are characterized by the presence of tumors.

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    Common cancers (based on organs affected) -

    • Bladder cancer
    • Breast cancer
    • Colorectal cancer
    • Kidney cancer
    • Non-small cell lung cancer
    • Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma
    • Melanoma
    • Oral cancer
    • Oropharyngeal cancer
    • Pancreatic cancer
    • Prostate cancer
    • Thyroid cancer
    • Uterine cancer
    • Blood cancer
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  • How are cancers diagnosed?

    There are 3 general types of cancers based on the type of tumors -

    • Blood cancers - Blood tests are done to determine hemoglobin, total leukocyte count, platelet count, peripheral smear, red cell indices. Your bone marrow is studied by using the following tests - aspiration, flow cytometry, cytogenetics, fluorescent in situ hybridization, and molecular studies.
    • Lymphomas - Blood tests like - lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), serum uric acid, and kidney function tests. Imaging tests like - computerized tomography (CT scan), positron emission tomography (PET CT). Biopsy of bone marrow to find out the type and malignancy of lymphomas.
    • Solid tumors - Imaging tests like - X-ray, ultrasonography, computerized tomography (CT scan), positron emission tomography (PET CT). Biopsy of affected organs to find out the type and malignancy of tumors.
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    Common Cancer Treatments

    Common treatments for cancers and tumors include -

    • Surgery
    • Radiation
    • Chemotherapy
    • Hormonal therapy
    • Targeted therapy
    • Trans-arterial chemotherapy (TACE)
    • Radio-frequency ablation (RFA)
    • Multi-kinase
    • Prophylactic cranial and stem cell transplantation
    • Medications
  • Common Cancer Drugs and Medications

    • Gardasil (Recombinant HPV Quadrivalent Vaccine)
    • Gardasil 9 (Recombinant HPV Nonavalent Vaccine)
    • Recombinant Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Nonavalent Vaccine
    • Recombinant Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Quadrivalent Vaccine
    • Abemaciclib
    • Abraxane (Paclitaxel Albumin-stabilized Nanoparticle Formulation)
    • Ado-Trastuzumab Emtansine
    • Fluorouracil Injection
    • Fulvestrant
    • Gemcitabine Hydrochloride
    • Gemzar (Gemcitabine Hydrochloride)
    • Goserelin Acetate
    • Halaven (Eribulin Mesylate)
    • Adcetris (Brentuximab Vedotin)
    • BiCNU (Carmustine)
    • Bleomycin Sulfate
    • Brentuximab Vedotin
    • Carmustine
    • Chlorambucil
    • Cyclophosphamide
    • Dacarbazine
    • Dexamethasone
    • Doxorubicin Hydrochloride
    • Keytruda (Pembrolizumab)
    • Leukeran (Chlorambucil)
    • Lomustine
    • Abraxane (Paclitaxel Albumin-stabilized Nanoparticle Formulation)
    • Afinitor (Everolimus)
    • Erlotinib Hydrochloride
    • Everolimus
    • 5-FU (Fluorouracil Injection)
    • Fluorouracil Injection
    • Gemcitabine Hydrochloride
    • Gemzar (Gemcitabine Hydrochloride)
    • Irinotecan Hydrochloride Liposome
    • Lynparza (Olaparib)
    • Mitomycin
    • Bleomycin Sulfate
    • Cisplatin
    • Cosmegen (Dactinomycin)
    • Dactinomycin
    • Etopophos (Etoposide Phosphate)
    • Etoposide
    • Etoposide Phosphate
    • Ifex (Ifosfamide)
    • Ifosfamide
    • Vinblastine Sulfate
    • Aldara (Imiquimod)
    • Efudex (Fluorouracil--Topical)
    • Erivedge (Vismodegib)
    • 5-FU (Fluorouracil--Topical)
    • Fluorouracil--Topical
    • Imiquimod
    • Odomzo (Sonidegib)
    • Sonidegib
    • Vismodegib
    • Entrectinib
    • Keytruda (Pembrolizumab)
    • Larotrectinib Sulfate
    • Pembrolizumab
    • Rozlytrek (Entrectinib)
    • Vitrakvi (Larotrectinib Sulfate)
  • If you or anyone you know has cancer or cancer syndromes and is in need of cancer drugs and medication delivered right to your doorstep in Oklahoma City, call us on (888)-688-0054 or email us at epicrx@epicpharmacyokc.com